Ankle Conditions

The ankle joint, or talocrural joint in medical terms, is comprised of three bones and two groups of supporting ligaments. This joint connects the foot to the leg, and it provides structural strength for supporting the weight of the human body while also remaining flexible enough to produce complex movements, balance, and mobility.

Although the ankle ligaments are strong and fibrous, they are often susceptible to injury if they are overstretched. The following is a partial list of some of the most common ankle injuries and conditions:

  • Ankle Arthritis – Usually occurs as a result of previous injury to the ankle joint. In people who have suffered severe ankle sprains, dislocations, or fractures, the cartilage and joint may be damaged, leading to accelerated arthritis and the possibility of problems later in life.
  • Ankle Sprains – Occur when one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn. Ankle sprains happen when the foot is rolled or twisted beyond what is considered normal for an ankle. If an ankle sprain does not heal correctly, the joint may become unstable and lead to chronic pain.
  • Ankle Fractures – While traumatic incidents involving the ankle most often result in ankle sprains, ankle fractures do occur, and the symptoms can be similar to those of sprains. Many types of ankle fractures will require surgery to ensure proper healing.
  • Chronic Ankle Instability – A condition characterized by a recurrent turning or “giving way” of the outer side of the ankle. Other symptoms may include discomfort and swelling, pain and tenderness, and the ankle feeling wobbly or unstable. This condition often develops after repeated ankle sprains.
  • Talar Dome Legion – An injury to the cartilage and underlying bone of the talus within the ankle joint. Symptoms may include a chronic pain deep in the ankle, an occasional “clicking” or “catching” feeling in the ankle when walking, or a sensation of the ankle locking or giving out.
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome – A painful condition in which the tibial nerve is impinged and compressed as it travels through the tarsal tunnel, which is located behind the bump on the inside of the ankle. Symptoms can include numbness, pain, tingling sensations, and hot and cold sensations in the feet.

Please note that the above information is intended for educational purposes only, and is not meant to replace a medical consultation. For a diagnosis, please consult your physician, or click here to schedule an appointment with the licensed medical professionals at Medical & Foot Care Group.