Foot Conditions

Because the feet must support the entire weight of the human body, most people will experience some type of foot problem at some point during their lifetime. Here at Medical & Foot Care Group, we strive to help people recognize, prevent, and treat all types of foot problems and injuries.

Some of the most common foot problems include:

  • Arch Pain – Usually caused by inflammation of the tissues within the arch of the foot. Because the arch of the foot is an important part of the foot mechanics required to transfer weight from the heel to the toes, arch pain can make even simple movements become quite painful.
  • Bunions – An enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe. Symptoms of bunions can include irritated skin around the bunion, pain when walking, joint redness and pain, and possibly a shift of the big toe toward the other toes.
  • Calluses – An especially toughened area of skin which has become thick and hard due to repeated pressure, friction, or other irritation. While not generally harmful, calluses can sometimes lead to other problems, and people with diabetes or poor circulation should check their skin often for signs of irritation.
  • Fungal Nails – Occurs when a fungus infects one or more of the nails. Fungi thrive in warm, moist areas, and may infect those who often go to public swimming pools, shower rooms, or gyms. Symptoms my include change in nail shape, brittleness, crumbling of the outer edges of the nail, thickening of the nail, and white or yellow streaks on the nail.
  • Hammer Toe – A deformity in the middle joint of the second, third, or fourth toe which causes it to become permanently bent. Hammer Toe can result from wearing poorly-fitting shoes that force the toes into a bent position, such as excessively high heels.
  • Heel Spurs – An abnormal growth of bone which protrudes from the back of the heel. It can occur when the plantar fascia, the thick connective tissue which supports the arch of the foot, pulls away from the heel area, causing calcium deposits to form.
  • Ingrown Toenail – A common condition in which the toenail grows into the soft tissue along the sides of the nail bed. Symptoms include pain, swelling, redness, and sometimes infection. Ingrown toenails can be easily treated by a podiatrist.
  • Metatarsalgia – Refers to any painful foot condition affecting the metatarsal region of the foot (also known as the ball of the foot.) This condition can have a number of causes, ranging from improperly-fitting footwear to excessive physical activity involving running and jumping.
  • Plantar Fascitis – A painful inflammatory process of the plantar fascia, the thick connective tissue which supports the arch of the foot. The pain is usually felt on the underside of the heel, and is most intense with the first steps of the day. This condition affects about two million Americans per year.
  • Tailor’s Bunions – An inflammation of the bone at the base of the little toe. It is usually characterized by pain, inflammation, and redness of the little toe. Tailor’s bunion is easily diagnosed, although an X-ray may be necessary to determine the severity of the condition.

Please note that the above information is intended for educational purposes only, and is not meant to replace a medical consultation. For a diagnosis, please consult your physician, or click here to schedule an appointment with the licensed medical professionals at Medical & Foot Care Group.